Constitution of Kalmont

  1. Points of State
    1. The full and official name of the state shall be “The Electorate of Kalmont”.
    2. The short-form name of the state shall be “Kalmont”.
    3. The Electorate of Kalmont shall, at the time of the ratification of this Constitution, consist of the following districts:
      1. Providence, consisting of the City of Breezewood.
      2. West Tunnelshire, consisting of the Counties of Somerset and Bedford, excepting the territory allocated to the Shire of Providence.
      3. East Tunnelshire, consisting of the Counties of Fulton and Franklin.
      4. Railshire, consisting of the Counties of Cambria, Blair, and Huntingdon.
      5. Rockfaldshire, consisting of the Counties of Juniata, Mifflin, and Snyder.
    4. The Capital of Kalmont shall be the City of Breezewood, conterminous with the Township of East Providence of the County of Bedford.
  2. The Elector
    1. The Elector shall be the Head of State and supreme judicial authority of Kalmont.
    2. The Elector is appointed by the Emperor of Septempontia and shall serve for life, or until his voluntary retirement or removal from office under the Constitutions of Kalmont or of Septempontia.
    3. The Emperor shall appoint as Elector a citizen of Kalmont who is eligible to vote, so long as there are any such; if not, the Emperor may appoint any suitable Imperial citizen, who shall upon his acceptance become Elector and a citizen of Kalmont.
    4. If the Elector becomes temporarily unable to discharge his duties, the Provost shall for the time become Acting Elector.
    5. If the Elector becomes permanently unable to discharge his duties, the Provost shall petition the Federal Council of Septempontia to remove the Elector.  Upon receipt of such petition, if two-thirds of the Federal Council concur, the Elector shall be removed from office.
  3. The Provost
    1. The Provost shall be the chief legislator and Head of Government of Kalmont.
    2. The Provost must be an eligible voter of Kalmont who is not serving as Elector.
    3. The Provost shall serve a term of one year, which shall begin on 1 June, along with the term of the Legislature.
    4. When there is a vacancy in the office of Provost, the Elector shall fulfill the Provost’s responsibilities as Head of Government.
  4. Dismissal or Retention of the Provost
    1. During the month of April, the Elector may announce that the Provost is to be dismissed or retained, or may make no announcement on the matter.
    2. If the Elector announces that the Provost is to be dismissed, the Provost is immediately removed from office and is ineligible to be re-elected as Provost in the following election, but may be elected as a Member for his district.
    3. If the Elector announces instead that the Provost is to be retained, the Provost’s term is automatically renewed for the next year; that is, the Provost remains in office for the next year as if he had won the election.
    4. The Provost may not be retained by the Elector’s pronouncement in consecutive years; an election must intervene.
    5. If during April the Elector does not announce the Provost’s retention or dismissal, a new Provost shall be elected during the May election.  The incumbent Provost is in such a case permitted to stand for re-election.
  5. The Legislature
    1. The Legislature of Kalmont is a unicameral body consisting of the Provost and as many as one Member per district.
    2. The Provost, or his appointed deputy, shall preside over the Legislature.
    3. The Provost, or his deputy, shall have two votes in the Legislature; each Member for a district shall have one vote.
    4. The Legislature shall operate under a set of rules of order of its own passage.
    5. If there are fewer than two Members for districts in the Legislature, the Legislature is deemed to be inoperative, and serves the Elector in a purely advisory capacity, until such time as it possesses three votes.
  6. Legislation
    1. The Legislature shall propose and debate bills to become laws or amendments to this Constitution.
    2. Any bill proposed by the Provost, or by the Elector, or by a member of the Legislature, shall be considered by the Legislature.
    3. Any bill approved by a simple majority in the legislature shall be presented to the Elector for his signature.  If he approves, it becomes law.  If he vetoes it, he shall return it to the Legislature, and if he wishes, shall provide reasons for so doing.  If after reconsideration, three-fourths of the Legislature approve of the bill, it shall become law over the Elector’s objection.
    4. Should the Legislature be inoperative, the Elector may establish laws by proclamation.
  7. The Election
    1. The Legislature, and if necessary in a given year the Provost, is elected each year from the fifteenth to the twenty-first day of May.
    2. The citizenry of each district shall elect one Member for the Legislature by preferential voting.
    3. The entirety of Kalmont shall elect the Provost as one constituency, by preferential voting.
    4. The Elector is not eligible to vote for a Member in any district, nor to stand for election as Provost or Member, but is eligible to vote for Provost.
    5. If a person is elected both Provost of Kalmont and Member for their district, they shall choose before the end of May which office to accept, and the ballots cast for them in the other position shall be redistributed; and then the new winner of the other position shall hold it.  If they have not chosen by the end of May, they are deemed to have chosen the office of Provost.
    6. If only one eligible candidate resides in a district, and they are willing to serve, they automatically win the seat for their district.  If the Provost is the only eligible candidate in a district, that district’s seat shall be empty.
  8. Vacancies in the Legislature
    1. If the office of Provost is ever vacant during the months of June to March but there is a person both eligible and willing to serve, the Elector may appoint that person to serve until the next election; however, a person who has become Provost through appointment instead of election may not have their term extended by the Elector, but first must be sustained by the people through an election.
    2. If the office of Provost is vacant during the months of April or May, it shall remain vacant until filled in the next election.
  9. Citizenship
    1. A person not presently a citizen of the Empire may obtain Imperial and Kalmontane citizenship simultaneously as provided by Imperial law.
    2. A person presently a citizen of the Empire but not of Kalmont may become a citizen of Kalmont by their petition, and public proclamation of the acceptance thereof, by the Elector.
    3. Should the Elector decline a petition for Kalmontane citizenship by an Imperial citizen, the Legislature may by a three-fourths vote compel the Elector to accept the petition and proclaim acceptance thereof, if the Legislature be operative.
    4. Citizenship in Kalmont shall be forfeited in a manner to be prescribed by law.
  10. Residency
    1. At the time a person becomes a citizen of Kalmont, they shall freely choose in which district they wish to reside.
    2. A person already a citizen of Kalmont may change their district of residency by notifying the Elector and the Provost; however, such change will not take effect until the conclusion of the next election of the Legislature.
  11. Amendments
  12. The Legislature or the Elector may propose amendments to this Constitution for public referendum.
  13. The referendum on a proposed amendment shall begin one week following the publication of the proposal, unless the proposal provides for a longer delay, which shall not be more than one month, and end two weeks after the polls have opened.
  14. Unless two-thirds of the citizens of Kalmont eligible to vote reject the proposed amendment, the amendment shall be effectual one week after the conclusion of the referendum, unless the proposal as presented on the ballot provides for a longer delay, which shall not be more than six months or the next election as scheduled prior to the amendment, whichever is longer.
  15. Provision of Rights
    1. The government of Kalmont shall always act in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the Empire, to secure the welfare of its citizens, and to safeguard the rights guaranteed by the Imperial Constitution to all its subjects.
    2. The right of the citizens of Kalmont to petition their government, and the Imperial government and Federal Council, for a redress of their grievances, shall never be abrogated.
    3. All citizens of Kalmont who have reached the age of sixteen years are eligible to vote, unless serving a sentence which includes disenfranchisement, for a crime of which they shall have been duly convicted.
    4. No district of Kalmont shall be removed, nor its territory modified, nor any new district added to Kalmont, except by an amendment to this Constitution.